Skin types are mainly divided into normal, dry, oily, and mixed skin. However, the dry and oily skin types are the extreme types and are very sensitive to internal and external elements.
There are rules of do’s and dont’s which you must adhere to with the two types of skins. And if you can choose the right skincare products, you will be able to achieve twice the result with half the effort.
First, we’ll help you distinguish between oily and dry skin and tell you what you can do to manage them.
How Do You Identify Oily Skin?
People with oily skin tend to look greasy from the forehead to the nose. In areas with rich oil secretion, the outer layer of the epidermis is thicker, making the complexion look sallow. People with oily skins have larger pores.
The advantage however is that because oil secretion is relatively strong, it can maintain the elasticity of the skin and delay skin aging. But the oily shine can absorb dirt and dust, which can easily breed acne and cause skin infections.
Generally, oily skin does not suffer from allergies, and it tolerates chemical and physical irritation well. However, the skincare routine for preventing or removing oil is often intensive.
How Do You Identify Dry Skin?
People with dry skin have dehydrated, smoother, and clean outer epidermis. With less oil secretion, this makes the face look clean without obvious pores.
However, the epidermis has poor water-holding capacity and less sebaceous gland secretion. Dry skin will lack shine on the face, and it is easy to find small wrinkles on it. This will cause skin sensitivity when exposed to external stimuli.
Dry skin has a thin outer layer and less oil secretion. It is not prone to acne, but it is prone to wrinkles and fine lines. Some women may also have spots.
Generally, dry skin will feel dry soon after washing the face. Occasionally, you will have the sensation of ants crawling, and your face will have more red blood. If you notice these often, it can be judged as dry skin.
During periods of dry weather in autumn and winter, dry skin is most prone to sensitivity, peeling, wrinkles, and fine lines.
How Do You Care For Oily Skin?
Oily skin is as problematic as dry skin. Because of the high androgen hormones, the face often produces more oil and water. Also, the pores of oily skin are always open. This makes the skin easy to trap dirt and makes the skin feel rough. Therefore, the focus of care is to clean the surface oil.
How Do You Choose Skincare Products For Oily Skin?
Exfoliate keratin every 3 to 4 weeks with a brown sugar scrub, urea gels, or microdermabrasion. You can choose products with a strong cleaning ability to remove pore obstructions.
Apply a mask every 1 to 3 days to replenish water and regulate oils.
Generally use oil-controlling products to absorb excess oil, and avoid using products that are too moisturizing. This ensures you don’t block pores and worsen existing acne on the face.
Try to use oil-free or oil-absorbent skincare products and cosmetics, and make as little makeup as possible.
What Are Some Skincare Principles For Oily Skin?
Because of the excessive secretion of skin sebum and large pores, oily skin is prone to acne, which affects beauty. Therefore, the focus of oily skincare is to keep the skin clean and regulate skin secretion.
1. Reduce Sebum Secretion
When purchasing cleaning products, choose medium-to-high grade soap (such as bee flower liquid soap) or cleansing cream to completely remove grease. Generally, wash your face twice a day. After washing with warm water, it is best to wipe with cold water. A handful of the face will constrict the blood vessels of the face and reduce the secretion of sebum.
2. Apply a Hot Towel to the Face
After washing your face, you can use a hot towel (that is 50-60 degrees hot) to wet the face. This helps you open the pores and effectively remove oil.
3. Choose Refreshing Skincare Products
After washing your face in the morning, use astringent lotion for skincare, and then use refreshing nutritious milk for skincare. At night, after washing your face, you can massage the pores to remove the dirt attached to the pores. The astringent lotion is swiped on the face, and finally, the nutrient honey is applied to maintain the skin.
4. Avoid Eating Spicy Food
The diet should not include animal oil and spicy food. Do not smoke or drink, eat more fruits and vegetables.
5. Give Up Alkaline and Foamy Cleansing Cream and Switch to Cleansing Milk
People with oily skin in summer often use strong cleansing soap or facial cleansing cream to wash their faces and decontaminate them. But a foaming cleanser will take away the moisture and sebum on the face. So it is best to choose a non-foaming, milder facial cleanser to wash your face. The best water temperature is around 20°C. Overheating will cause the sebum to lose moisture, and if it is too cold, it cannot be cleaned.
6. Use Moisturizing Toner
Alcohol-containing dehydrator can undoubtedly control oil secretion and shrink pores, but using it in winter may make the skin drier. If the oil secretion is normal, you can use a refreshing toner or use frozen distilled water instead.
7. Replenish Skin Moisture and Do Not Use Oily Creams
Many people think that people with oily skin do not need to moisturize. But, if you don’t apply a protective film on your face, skin with thick pores is more prone to dust. This skin is prone to dehydration in winter, so people with oily skin should choose water emulsion or Gel-like body lotion. This is enough to only add moisture. Cream-like skincare products are mostly oily. If you feel “sticky” after applying it to your face, don’t continue using it.
8. Oil-Absorbent Facial Tissue And Moisturizing Lotion Are Necessary For Going Out
This is a daily routine for oily skin if you have to go out in summer with oil-absorbing facial tissues. But you must also use make-up that contains moisturizing ingredients when you are in winter. Remember to add moisture every time you absorb oil!
How Do You Care For Dry Skin?
The focus of skincare for dry skin is moisturizing. As the skin lacks moisture, it is easy to have spots or fine lines, so you must also make anti-aging care. Follow the following routine:
Perform exfoliation once every 2 to 3 weeks. Before exfoliating, you can apply some lotion on your face, so that the stratum corneum doesn’t easily get damaged during exfoliation.
Apply mask every 2-3 days to strengthen moisture conditioning. Use moisturizing lotions, creams, and other products to lock in moisture.
For dry skin, avoid using a soap-based facial cleanser. This way, it is easy to damage the outer layer of the skin, and the skin will become drier. Instead, you can choose a non-foaming facial cleanser.
Drink plenty of water and eat more fruits to maintain the vitamins in your body. You can use a facial mask to replenish moisture at night so that the skin will not dry out.
You should also pay attention when washing your face. Don’t rub your face back and forth while cleaning your face. Instead, wash your face gently.
How Do You Choose Skincare Products For Dry Skin?
Moisturizing is not the only requirement for dry skin. In fact, for dry skin, replenishing oil is more important. This is because oil has a significant effect on softening the skin and preventing moisture loss.
Those with dry skin under the age of 25 should choose a non-alcoholic softening lotion, a bottle of lotion containing sodium hyaluronate, and a bottle of natural essential oil cream for skincare.
The texture of the cream should be thicker. If you warm it up with your palms, it will be absorbed quickly. If you like brightening creams, you can also use a seaweed mask on your face.
After applying it, please apply a lotion or cream containing essential oils immediately to avoid water loss.
For dry skin, choose cream-based skincare products with some oil content, preferably organic creams containing vegetable oils or essential oils. Mineral oils are both greasy and easy to clog pores.
You can also keep a humidifier at home to moisturize you while indoors in the dry seasons of autumn and winter. If possible, you can also buy a facial steamer and use it 1-2 times a week.
Oily and dry skin are unhealthy skin. For dry skin, the common feature is that the skin is always very dehydrated, clean, smooth, and prone to skin infection and allergens. Moisturizing is the key to caring for these skin types. Don’t forget to drink plenty of water every day. This is also a way to help your skin hydrate.
To identify people with oily skin, their forehead and nose region are usually shiny, oily, and/or greasy. Their skin attract a lot of dirt and dust but their skin age less than those with dry skin.